Information Technologies are not just there for communication, education, or manufacturing. It has expanded into the health care sector. Are you aware that there are robot-assisted surgeries, e-prescriptions, electronic health records? All these are technology-based tools that help with managing and taking care of the health system.
There exist over 400,000 technological devices used in hospitals and other health-related industries. With technology in the health care system, better and faster decisions related to health are made. The major role of every technology is to improve the health and safety of patients. Technology has been applied in the area of administration; patients record and data management. Retrieval of information has been made easy. With information technology, patient’s data can be transferred to doctors for consultation.
Information Technology has been applied in the following areas :
1. 3-D Printing
In medicine, 3-D printing creates joints or implants for surgery. It is also used in prosthetics to give room for mobility and comfort.
2. Virtual reality (VR)
Medical students make use of Virtual Reality to “have” real-life experiences on the understanding of the human anatomy. Also, for some surgical procedures.
3. Robotic Surgery
Robots assist in surgery. They add flexibility to the surgeon’s hand in the operating room. They make the whole operations easier.
Information Technology is used to access health care remotely. A typical example is this: mobile phones can be used to keep track of medication, blood sugar levels which can be viewed remotely by doctors.
5. Drug Development
Pharmacists currently use AT ( Artificial Intelligence) and machine learning to power a new wave of drug research and development.
6. Wearable, Trackable Sensors
One can monitor his or her Heath at home and share the results remotely with the physician. You can manage your weight, your stress level, track your workout, and a host of other things.
7. Disease Diagnosis and Treatment
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is used in processing data and developing disease models that can help doctors make a precise diagnosis.
8. Medical Imaging
Computers and Artificial Intelligence models are useful in medical imaging as they can detect anomalies.
Information Technology in health care is a two-way street. As it comes with huge benefits, there are underlying risks and disadvantages. One of such is the high cost of treatments. A robot-assisted surgery will cost way higher than a surgery done by just humans. The fact lies in one thing which is the underlying risks have nothing on the benefits we are enjoying today.